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Clinical Cases in mineral and bone metabolism

Parmigiano Reggiano cheese: a super-food for bone health

Mini-Review, 29 - 35
doi: 10.11138/ccmbm/2017.15.1.029
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Abstract
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Background. Proper calcium intake through diet is critical for ensuring the attainment of peak bone mass in children and adolescents, and to prevent osteoporosis in adults and the elderly. Osteoporosis is a systemic disease characterized by progressive loss of bone mass. Genetic factors, nutrition, quality of life, and age contribute to a predisposition to this disorder, which mainly affects women in the postmenopausal age.
A healthy diet with the correct intake of calcium is crucial for the prevention of loss of bone mass. Dairy products are the main sources of this mineral and ensure optimal absorption by the intestinal lumen. In this review, we summarize the properties of Parmigiano Reggiano cheese, a food not only rich in calcium and protein, but also in other minerals, such as phosphorus and potassium.
Key messages. Parmigiano Reggiano has been made in the same way for eight centuries. Production is regulated by the Consortium of Parmigiano Reggiano since 1956. It is produced with semi-skimmed cow milk, without any preservatives added. Although it is a hard cheese, it does not have an excessive content of sodium and cholesterol.
It is suitable for any age, including people with lactose intolerance, due to the absence of this disaccharide in the finished product. Parmigiano Reggiano’s proteins are easily digested and therefore well tolerated, even by those who have gastrointestinal problems. For all the above reasons, Parmigiano Reggiano can be considered a superfood for bone health.

Vol. XV (No. 1) 2018 January - April

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